This page lists a variety of online and hardcopy publications addressing biological weapons & codes of conduct (in part or in full), professional codes of conduct, and the overall security threats posed by biological research.

For general publications about biological warfare and prohibitions, instead, see:

Biological Weapons and Codes of Conduct

Professional Codes of Conduct – General

For further bibliographic information see: Ethics codes and guidelines at the Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science, and Codes of Ethics Online at the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions.

  • Backof, J. and C. Martin 1991. Historical Perspectives. Journal of Business Ethics 10:99–110.
  • Cash, M. 1987. Codes of Ethics, Organizational Behaviour and Misbehaviour. Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy 9: 107–130.
  • Coady, M. and S. Bloch (eds) 1996. Codes of Ethics and Professions. Sydney: Melbourne University Press.
  • Davis, M. 1998. Thinking Like an Engineer. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Doig, A. and J. Wilson 1998. The Effectiveness of Codes of Conduct. Business Ethics 7(3): 140–149.
  • Evers. K 2004. Standards for Ethics and Responsibility in Science - an Empirical Study.
  • Evers. K 2001. Standards for Ethics and Responsibility in Science.
  • Evers. K 2000. Formulating International Ethical Guidelines for Science.
  • Fisher, C. 2003. Developing a Code of Ethics for Academics. Science and Engineering Ethics 9(2): 171–179.
  • Gotterbarn D. Not all codes are created equal. J Business Ethics 1999 22: 81–89.
  • Higgs-Kleyn, N. and D. Kapelianis 1999. The Role of Professional Codes in Regulating Ethical Conduct. Journal of Business Ethics 19: 363–374.
  • Iverson, M., M. Frankel and S. Siage 2003. Scientific Societies and Research integrity. Science and Engineering Ethics 9(2): 141–158.
  • Kaptein, M. 2004. Business Codes of Multinational Firms. Journal of Business Ethics 50: 13–31.
  • Kaptein, M. and J. Wempe 1998. Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing an Organizational Code of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 517: 853–869.
  • Ladd, J. 1991. The Question for a Code of Professional Ethics. In: Johnson, D. (ed), Ethical Issues in Engineering. Prentice Hall, pp 130–136.
  • Luegenbiehl 1991. Codes of ethics and the Moral Education of Engineers. In: Johnson, D. (ed), Ethical Issues in Engineering. Prentice Hall. pp 136–154.
  • Macdonald, S. 1995. The Sociology of the Professions. London: Sage.
  • Pels, P. 1999. Professions of Duplexity. Current Anthropology 40(2): 101–114.
  • Reiser, S. and R. Bulger 1997. The Social Responsibilities of Biological Scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics 3(2): 137–143.
  • Shrader-Frechette, K. 1994. Ethics of Scientific Research. Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield.
  • Soskolne, C. and L. Sieswerda 2003. Implementing Ethics on the Professions. Science and Engineering Ethics 9(2): 181–190.
  • Unger, S. 1991. Code of Engineering Ethics. In: Johnson, D. (ed), Ethical Issues in Engineering. Prentice Hall, pp 105–130.
  • Whitbeck, C. 1995. Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers. Science and Engineering Ethics 1(3): 299–308.

Security Threats of Biological Research